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Don’t Wade out without proper gear

Proper clothing and wading gear is extremely important to successful fishing. Without the proper clothes and gear, a fishing trip can be made less successful or you may become injured during the trip. Here are a few basic tips on what to wear when you go out wade fishing.
1) Species of fish like trout or muskies flee at the slightest movement or flash of color. When wading for these fish, the best thing to do is to blend in with your surroundings by wearing drab colors like blue or light brown.
2) Always remember to dress for the weather. In cold weather dress in synthetic materials or wool. In hot weather wear thin light clothes and bring sunscreen.
3) Polarized sunglasses are a must. Not only do they protect your eyes from the sun and the glare of the water, but they also protect your eyes from lose hooks. For an overcast day or later on in the day it is best to use sunglasses with an amber tint. Make sure they also block UV rays so your eyes are extra protected.
4) Make sure you also wear a hat. The most popular are baseball hats but these have no back flap. A back flap will protect your neck from sun and hooks. A full brimmed hat will also protect you from the rain. Having a hat reduces glare and makes it easier to spot fish.
5) Always make sure you carry rain gear on you, especially if the local weather reports are calling for rain. The best materials are lightweight and breathable but are quite expensive. Even rubber rain is suitable enough; it will keep you warm and dry and is inexpensive.
6) A good fishing vest is a must have. Make sure it is lightweight, yet large enough to fit over a sweater and carry an assortment of small gear. Make sure the vest comes with a lot of pockets in small sizes and that these pockets either zip up (preferable) or have Velcro.
Wading Gear tips:
Your actual choice of wading gear depends on how deep you are planning to fish and the temperature of the water you are going to be fishing in. Also, wading gear is dependent on how much traction you need. What ever gear you end up choosing, make sure it fits well, keeps dry and allows you to move comfortably.
Wading gear comes in two basic types: hip boots and chest waders. Hip boots are best for shallow water fishing, anywhere where the water will not reach your mid-thigh. Chest waders are best for deep water fishing where the water will go past your hips. Both come in boot-foot and stocking-foot styles and are available in many different materials.

Why pick Red?

Now that you know a bit about color and how it can effect lure choice from the articles ‘Does Color matter?’ and ‘The Science of Color’ here are some useful tips on what colors to choose and why to choose those particular colors.
1) To increase visibility: Patterns and colors are created for high contrast in certain situations. The more visible your lure is; the more fish will attempt to bite at it. For example very dark colors are used for night baits because they provide the best shadow in the water and therefore are the most visible.
2) Match the bait: Basically what this means is the lure is colored to duplicate baitfish that gamefish normally feed on. Fish are used to feeding on a certain look, so they will strike if they see something that looks like what they normally eat.
3) Something different: Sometime when matching the bait does not work, offering a fish something they have not seen before will cause them to strike. This is why anglers will choose to pick up that bright pink minnow colored lure.
4) Dark colors at night: Always go for a darker pattern at night, as previously stated, dark colors create the best silhouette and will be the most visible to fish underneath the lure.
5) Winter no-so-wonderland: When there are more particles in the water, the first colors to be filtered out are the reds and oranges. The best solution is to use fluorescent yellows or lures with plenty of green.
6) On bright summer days, it is best to go with what the fish tell you. If they are not biting at a particular color – even though it makes perfect sense for them to – then use the color they seem to be striking at.
7) The only time changing color will not affect how many fish you are catching and how fast you are catching them is when you are deep trolling or when you are fishing skimming the surface of the water. If you look at a lure in these conditions it will appear black, so as long as you have good action and can create a flash, you can catch a fish.
8) Red, orange and fluorescent colors are best in stained waters.

Always remember to chose a lure based more on what kind of action it has and if it can produce a flash. If those two factors are not working, then change up your colors. The only time you have to stop and think seriously about color is when you are fishing in shallow waters on a clear day. Always go with what the fish seem to be striking at. If your fishing buddy is succeeding more with a blue lure and it does not make sense, use the blue lure.

The Science of colour

The color is bright enough, why aren’t the fish striking at it?
Some fishers ask themselves this all the time. If you do not, you might want to consider asking it sometimes when you are having a really slow day. Just because the color looks good to us on the surface, does not mean it is going to look good underwater to fish because water changes color drastically. To fully understand this, we have to understand the science behind light and how light is affected by water. This may not seem important but how light acts underwater determines how well a fish can see the color of your lure.
The Science
We will start with a very basic physics lesson. Most people are aware that white light is really made up of different colored lights, as known as wavelengths. When these wavelengths strike something, some colors are reflected and some are absorbed. The wavelengths that are reflected are what our brain uses to determine the color of an object. A white object reflects all wavelengths.
On the opposite end of the spectrum, an object that absorbs all color is seen as black. Between the two extremes most objects reflect and absorb different wavelengths and different amounts of wavelengths to get the color we see. For example if you look at a red car the wavelength reflecting off it would be red, all other wavelength colors are being absorbed.
Color underwater
White light passing through perfectly clear water will lose its wavelengths at different depths. The longer wavelengths like reds and oranges will be the first to be absorbed. The shorter wavelengths like blues and purples will be the last to be absorbed. In lamest terms, brighter colors will be absorbed faster while darker colors will still be seen deeper in the water.
Reds go first, followed by orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. This occurs on a clear summer day however. For example if you were trolling a red lure at 15 meters (convert to feet) it would be seen as black since the wavelength was absorbed much higher up.
Color and Water Clarity
In the deep waters of lakes, oceans and rivers there are two main factors that will effect how well light will penetrate the surface of the water: color and clarity.
Color is not referring to the color of the lure in this case. It is referring to the actual color of the water. Water can have its color changed by any dissolved materials, especially organic acids from decaying marine or land life. Think of what happens when you aid a drink mix to clear water. You can still see through the water but it is now colored. Mind you the coloring will not ever be as drastic but it is the same kind of principle. Color will reduce light penetration and will affect blue and green wavelengths, making your blue, green and purple lures disappear from sight.
Clarity refers to how many suspended particle matter, like algae and slit, there is in the water. The more particles, the more light will be scattered because of them. The longer wavelengths like red, orange and yellow are affected the most.
What the water looks like on that particular day will determine what color lure you should be using.
Timing and Color
If all that was not enough to remember, things get even more complex during different times of the year. Season cycle and turn-over can affect how well a lure is seen. In a lake with a lot of algae bloom, light penetration is reduced because of the algae population. Since algae bloom the most in autumn, all wavelengths are affected by the lack of light penetration, especially the red, yellow and orange wavelengths. Once the algae start dying out in the winter due to the cold, light penetration is better.
It made seem odd that the color of your lure will change depending on the time of day. To make this easy to understand, think of how we see colors on a clear day in the afternoon compared to a cloudy day at dusk. On a clear day there are fewer airborne particles and gases in the air so the sky is blue. As the sun sets light will travel through more gases and airborne particles until the bright blue fades away and we see reds, yellows and oranges. Then these three wave lengths will drop off and be replaced by darker blues and purples. Time of day will also affect how we see the color of an object.
Why is that important? Because water not only copies what is happening about the wave line, but it also magnifies this effect. Meaning, the bright blue wavelengths will disappear even faster under water then above water.
Other influences can also affect color. If there is a ripple on the surface of the water it can cause light to scatter more and reduce light penetration in the water. Pollution in the water and in the air can also affect light penetration and therefore affect the color of your lure.
No matter what you do, always remember that sometimes a subtle change, like color, on a really slow day can bring you a better catch. With all this information about color in mind, selecting the right color for the time of day, day of the year and body of water should be a breeze.