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Answers to the pike and muskie quiz

If you still have not answered the questions to last months pike and muskie newsletter, here are the answers:

  1. Q: What water temperature do these fish prefer?
    A: mid 60s- low 70s. When pike reach 30 inches and more they prefer water temperatures of 50-55F
  2. What are the main differences in color and tail shape between pike and muskie?
    A: Pike: green with rows of light oval shaped spots, with a rounded tail that has dark spots. Muskie: silver or light green with dark bars and spots with a sharper tail with or without dark spots.
  3. Q: Where can you find these fish in shallow natural lakes during the late fall and winter?
    A: deep, rocky humps and deep holes surrounded by shallow lakes waters with high oxygen levels.
  4. Q: Where can you find these fish in rivers during the early spring through to spawning?
    A:shallow back water lakes in big rivers, seasonally flooded sloughs in small rivers.
  5. Q: What kind of bait is preferred for these fish in weedy cover?
    A: Spinnerbaits and bucktails.
  6. Q: When is spoon fishing the best technique?
    A: when you are a beginner but also for seasoned fishers since they are ideal for trolling.
  7. Q: TRUE/FALSE: Ice fishing pike yeilds the best results when you use a live or dead fish bait on a 25-40 pound braided superline with a braided wire leader and a size 2/0 to 6/0 single hook.
    A: TRUE.
  8. Q: When do pike and muskie spawn?
    A: Pike will spawn in the early spring when water reaches low-mid 40s, muskies a few week later.
  9. Q: What are hybrids of pike and muskie called?
    A: Tiger muskies
  10. Q: What does pike and muskies diet consist of?
    A: Mostly fish but they have been known to eat frogs, mice, ducklings, and even muskrats.

Quiz for trout

If you know the answers to these simple questions, you are an excellent trout fisher. If not, read the articles about trout to become an excellent trout fisher. If you still cannot find the answers, do not worry. Next months newsletter will have the answers to these questions.

  1. What temperature are trout considered as?
  2. Where can you find lake trout in the winter?
  3. Where can you find stream trout in lakes?
  4. Name the four species of stream trout?
  5. How long do stream trout normally live?
  6. How long do lake trout normally live?
  7. Are lake trout active in the winter?
  8. TRUE/FALSE: Rainbow stream trout have a pinkish horizontal band that extends over the gill cover.
  9. What fish resembles a lake trout?
  10. How large can a lake trout grow?

Find your trout

If you can find trout, you are one step closer to catching them. The key is knowing where to look.
Trout come in two main species: stream trout and lake trout. Stream trout can be broken up into four major species: brook trout, brown trout, rainbow trout and cutthroat trout. Though, cutthroat trout are more closely related to lake trout and Char because they have light spots on a dark background while trout have dark spots on a light background. No matter what species all trout are coldwater fish whether they inhabit a stream or lake, they require water that stays well oxygenated and cold. Here are some key locations for both species of trout.

Stream trout:

Streams:
• Gravelly tributaries or gravelly tails of pools served as spawning sites for rainbows and cutthroats.
• Shallow turbulent water called riffles hold feeding trout in the morning and evening.
• Deep channels excavated by the current called runs hold trout any time.
• Deep flat water called pools hold the streams biggest trout because they are the ideal resting areas.
• Undercut banks offer shade and overhead cover.
• Spring holes in the headwaters will hold brook trout.
• Spring areas draw out trout during the hottest part of the summer.
• Plunge pools that form at the base of a waterfall are prime spots for big trout.
• Scattered boulders on shallow flats with pockets of deep water behind them called “pocket water”.
• Gravelly reaches near the headwaters and gravelly tributaries draw spawning brown and brook trout in the fall.

Lakes:
• Shallow bays warm earlier than the main body of a lake, so they attract trout in early spring.
• Shorelines with a gradual taper are prime spots in deep, cold lakes.
• Rocky points with a slow taper make good morning and evening feeding sites.
• Inlet streams carry an abundance of food and draw a large number of trout
• Cool water in the thermocline may hold practically all the trout in the mid summer when the surface water is too warm for these coldwater fish and the depths have too little oxygen.
• Weedy or even woody cover is a must for trout when the water is shallow or else the fish would be vulnerable to predators.

Lake trout:

Early Spring:
• Off slow tapering shorelines and islands.
• Ends of gradually sloping rocky points.
• Narrows between two basins of the main lake.

Summer and early fall:
• Sharp-breaking lips of islands and points
• Deep humps
• Deep slots and holes in and otherwise shallow part of the late
• Off steep cliff walls.

Mid-fall through spawning:
• Shallow, flat-topped reefs.
• Shallow rocky points with long extended lips
• Shallow rocky shelves along shorelines and islands.

Winter:
• Same structure that held trout in summer, although the fish may be shallower.

Keep this information on hand, finding trout of either species will make the difference between being an average fisher and an expert fisher. If you can remember these locations all the time, you will always find a trout if there are trout to be found.